Welding Defect Analysis
Welding defects are common in the manufacturing process, and it’s impossible to form a defect-free welding joint, but the defects can be reduced to a particular extent using machine vision enabled by Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning.
Advantages of implementing Machine Vision and Machine Learning for
defect analysis in Welding
Types of Welding Defects that can be analyzed using
Machine Learning / Deep Learning
in the weld zone.
This is the main problem in low-quality steel it occurs in steel plate which has low ductility in the thickness direction which causes by non-metallic inclusions like sulphides, oxides that have been elongated during the rolling process.
as longitudinal, transverse, cater, under bead and toe
Realtime Welding Defect
The main defects in laser welding are lack of penetration and spatters. The root cause are Heat Input, Mismatching parts, and nozzle deviation There will be defects in automated laser welding, but checking them manually during the production in realtime is not possible. We need to have a live welding monitoring system, which will analyse the Heat temperature, Mismatching parts & Nozzle deviation in realtime to find the root cause immediately. After the production, there will be a separate visual inspection process to find the defects in the welding.
Identification and classification of welding defects using HD / X-Ray images
How we find welding defects using
We developed AI, Machine Learning & Deep learning Models which will use various sensor data and image data to detect anomalies in welding . To identify the root cause, specifically for the heat, we use Photo diode sensors and cameras. These data are used to train the machine learning algorithms, which will help use to find out the heat variations, nozzle deviation and the quality of the welding. Our smart cameras and image processing techniques will find out the issues real-time using metal vapor plume and splatters captured during the welding. Using these data we will calculate, the height of the plume, centroid, perimeter, welding dust and the quantity of spatters. This will help to find out the root causes immediately in the laser welding. We use state of the art AI/ ML & deep-learning technologies.
The correct and incorrect images will be collected, the visual features will be extracted using image processing from the image which will be used as input for the classifiers. We implement a deep learning system with supervised learning which will help us to achieve the best detection and high accurate defect classification.